May 20, 2024


Health is important

woman's hand holding a peeled banana

Urologist’s Guide to Penis and Testicular Health

By Dr. Josh

Sexual Well being

It always amazes me how minor folks know about their genitals.  But I guess I shouldn’t be that stunned since as a modern society we really don’t instruct people today about their non-public components.  We get some simple steering on cleanliness from our dad and mom and/or principal caregivers.  If we’re lucky, we get a rudimentary schooling on genitals and sexual intercourse in college.  And the rest looks to occur mainly from close friends and the web.  Regretably what you learn from a buddy or examine on the net about sexual intercourse and your overall body may not constantly be precise and, at worst, may be flat out completely wrong.

As a sexual overall health professional, I stop up investing a good deal of time training patients about their bodies and how they functionality.  Quite a few people today I see have under no circumstances truly explored, touched, examined, appeared at, or even read about their genitalia.  Some even cringe or blush at the point out of words and phrases like vulva, vagina, penis, and scrotum.  But these overall body sections serve so numerous significant features in our day-to-day lives.  Genital wellbeing is an crucial section of urinary and sexual well being, which by themselves are microcosms of our total wellness.  So if you want to enhance or optimize your overall health, your nether regions are a fantastic place to commence.

In advance of we delve into the nitty (or much better still, nutty) gritty, I should really position out that genitals never necessarily dictate how a person identifies with respect to gender.  The dialogue under will emphasis on penises and testicles.  These are human body areas, not a person.  I am deliberately leaving the phrase males out of the discussion simply because not all persons with penis and testicles establish that way.

What follows is an define of every little thing you ever wished to know but had been as well fearful to request your health care provider about your penis and testicles.  With any luck ,, immediately after studying you’ll walk away with a better comprehension of your dangly bits.

penis anatomy cross section


To completely fully grasp the penis and testicles, you will have to very first comprehend genital anatomy.  I’ll spare you the senseless details we master in health-related university, but there are a handful of crucial details to retain in intellect.  Initially, there is far more to the penis than fulfills the eye.  Did you know that the external aspect of the penis is only the suggestion of the iceberg?  Which is right, a major part of the penis extends internally all the way down to the less than surface of the ischiopubic rami (section of the pelvis).  The penis is normally imagined of as a shaft and glans (also known as the head), but beneath its skin, the penis is comprised of a few chambers: two corpora cavernosa (erectile tissue) and the corpus spongiosum (the spongy tissue encompassing the urethra). It is the corpora cavernosa that attaches deep in the pelvis.

Next, the testicles aren’t the only items that sit in your scrotum.  The testicle is wherever sperm and testosterone are produced, but there is other nearby buildings that are vitally crucial.  For instance, the epididymis is a structure that sits on the backside of the testicle and outlets sperm right up until they have matured.  In some cases the epididymis can turn into enlarged or painful and be mistaken for a testicular issue (much more on that below).

3rd, when it arrives to your penis and testicles, dimension issues.  Very well, from time to time it does anyway.  Penises arrive in a selection of shapes and measurements and as significantly as some would like to, there’s not considerably you can do to influence the dimension of your penis.  Like Gaga stated, “Baby, you were born that way!”  But testicular size is something to maintain in mind.  Testicles are frequently related in size, but slight asymmetry can also be ordinary.  Testicles also are inclined to hang at diverse heights so really don’t mind if your balls never dangle evenly.  If you detect acute alterations in the dimension or location of one or both equally of your testicles, a little something may perhaps be wrong (see below) and it’s constantly finest to seek advice from with a health care professional.

Anatomy of male reproductive system

Fourth, the urethra sits on the underside of the penile shaft.  This is the tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder. Throughout ejaculation, the urethra also carries semen—fluid comprised of sperm and fluid from the prostate, seminal vesicles, and urethra—out of the body.


Now that you fully grasp the basics of penile and testicular anatomy, let’s discuss how to keep these locations so clean and so clean.  The penis and testicles have a way of obtaining filthy even with mundane day-to-day routines and generate a good sum of sweat throughout intense physical exercise.  The finest way to maintain your personal sections squeaky clean is to wash these locations day by day.  You don’t have to have particular powders or fragrant sprays simple soap and drinking water will do.  If your penis has a foreskin, make sure to pull it again gently and clean underneath.  Not cleansing this area, can end result in the create-up of smegma and direct to bacterial infections or irritation of your foreskin or glans.

Trends in pubic hair fluctuate above time and by society.  Now, we feel to be in a “less is more” time period.  But pubic hair grooming is a issue of desire.  Pubic hair can be coarse or high-quality, curly or straight, gentle or dark.  Deciding upon to get rid of it is wholly up to you, but don’t forget that it exists for a reason.  Pubic hair can help shield towards germs and minimizes friction from penetrative sexual intercourse.  So if you make your mind up to go bare, do so very carefully as your genital skin is fragile and very easily irritated.

man in shower


The penis and testicles are vital for urinary, sexual, and reproductive purpose.  Let us briefly talk about how these functions are generally carried out and some of the things that can occur to interfere with them.

As talked about earlier mentioned the penis is residence to the urethra, the means as a result of which we urinate.  This hollow tube allows for urine, which carries squander filtered by the kidneys, to exit the human body on a regular basis from the bladder where by it is stored.  Urination is not typically one thing most folks imagine about it just transpires.  But sometimes items can get in the way.  The urethra runs by way of the prostate, which grows as folks get older and can in some cases impede the stream of urine.  Men and women can also produce scarring or narrowing of the urethra (known as strictures), which can make peeing hard.

The penis is also the principal organ we penis-havers use for sexual operate.  In the course of arousal, the penis fills with blood and the corpora cavernosa come to be engorged and rigid.  This is identified as an erection.  When the penis is erect it can face up to a higher degree of tension, which is vital for the reason that a fantastic deal of pressure is exerted on the penis all through penetrative sexual intercourse.  Even though the penis could not be a bone, you can even now fracture it if you’re not mindful.  Penile fracture generally happens for the duration of sexual action in which a individual misses when striving to penetrate their companion.  This can consequence in damage to your corporal tissue, major to bruising, swelling, and quite possibly extensive-term penile deformity and/or erectile dysfunction.  Sex is exciting when it’s adventurous, just be thorough with your penis because it is extra fragile than you may think.

The testicles frequently just take a backseat to the penis in conditions of sexual intercourse, but your balls are one of numerous diverse erogenous zones.  Sexual intercourse with a penis is wonderful, but really do not ignore about your testicles, nipples, ears, neck, and even anus.  All these parts can be just as sensitive and just as easily aroused through sexual activity.

The erect penis and testicles are frequently considered to be essential to engage in intercourse and conceive a pregnancy amongst heterosexual associates.  Soon after all, the testicles make the sperm that finish up in your semen and the penis carries out ejaculation.  However, assisted reproductive systems developed in new many years have created an erection and testicles a lot less essential in the course of action of obtaining expecting.

Lumps and Bumps

If there’s one point you bear in mind from this discussion, it should be to make sure to look at your genitals routinely.  Get to know your overall body and determine out what is your ordinary.  Ordinarily, I suggest that people today execute genital examinations about the moment for each thirty day period.  Having a number of minutes in the shower to come to feel items out might establish a trouble in advance of it becomes too critical.  After you have a baseline of what your junk appears to be like and feels like, you can assess for variations.

Modifications in size, areas of inflammation or discomfort, and/or new places are all matters to hold an eye out for.  Lumps on the penis are typically benign, but not often.  Penile lesions like moles, ulcers, plaques, and cysts are a great deal more typical than most cancers.  Continue to, examining your penis routinely for spots of suffering, hyperpigmentation, and/or redness is a superior concept.  As stated higher than, testicles can be different measurements but if you detect enlargement of one or both equally, have a skilled look at it out.  Soreness is significant also, but lots of men and women imagine that they should come to feel discomfort if there’s a thing severely completely wrong.  Testicular most cancers is actually painless most of the time so never enable soreness be your primary concern when examining your balls.  Most cancers normally feels like a difficult lump in an usually squishy testicle.  Much less critical concerns down in the scrotum consist of inflammation, swelling, or an infection of the epididymis and/or testicle.

fruits and vegetables shaped like penises

Get Examined

The penis and testicles (as nicely as the scrotum) can all be sites of sexually transmitted infections (STI).  Remaining a sexually accountable man or woman indicates finding examined for STIs routinely.  How typically relies upon on your sexual exercise.  These with many companions or who are partaking in “risky” sexual actions need to get examined a lot more generally.  STIs involving the penis can consist of gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), molluscum, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—just to name a several.  Occasionally these STI can be symptomatic, but occasionally they aren’t.  Urethral discharge, obvious lesions, and burning when you pee can clue you in that it may be time to get a journey to the STI clinic.  The testicles can also be property to several of the STIs detailed over.  Bacterial infections can spread to the testicles by ascending up the urethra and into genital tracts primary to the testicle.  This can result in testicular or epididymal inflammation and/or agony.  The scrotal pores and skin is also a frequent landing site for HSV and HPV lesions.  It is greatest not to hold out till you have symptoms or discover some thing that seems to be amusing.  Assume of typical STI tests as another element of managing your overall health.

Remaining Feelings

The penis and testicles are crucial components of our bodies.  Get to know them, study to love them, and make sure you acquire treatment of them.  They offer us a good deal of pleasure, but can also be the supply of pain and other major problems.  And remember: when it arrives to your meat and potatoes if there’s any concern it’s constantly improved to get enter from an professional professional medical specialist.